Following the footsteps of our forefathers, we set our sights on Wang Chengwei, the first Communist Party member in Shaoxing. At first, Wang Chengwei was a worker in the Shaoxing Printing Bureau and a representative of the advanced printing workers in Shaoxing. He was exposed to Marxism at a comparatively early time. On May 1, 1922, under his organization, Shaoxing printing workers went on a strike to commemorate the “May 1st” International Labor Day. In the autumn that year, Xu Meikun—who was in charge of party organizations in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places—came to Shaoxing to expand party membership. He went to work at Shaoxing’s “Yue Duo Daily” and then in the Printing Bureau. Together with Wang Chengwei, he mobilized Shaoxing printing workers to make demands on the capital for wage-raising, establishment of trade unions, and implementation of the “Three Eight-hour Shifts” system. After two days of strike struggle, they finally succeeded. This was the first time that Shaoxing workers won a strike with the leadership of the party.
After joining the party, Wang Chengwei took advantage of various opportunities to organize industrial trade unions and publicize Marxism. On May 5, 1923, Wang Chengwei published an article titled “A Proposal to Hangzhou Workers” in the “May 1st” Commemorative Journal”, calling on workers to unite and establish trade unions to struggle for their interests and their social status.
In February 1924, Wang Chengwei and He Chihua co-founded Shaoxing’s first bimonthly magazine—“Enlightenment”—which was specialized in publicizing Marxist ideas. Wang Chengwei was the major contributor. Many of the articles were reprinted by the Party Central Committee’s publication named “Guide”, encouraging vigorous youths to join the federation to work for the reformation of the corrupt society.
Wang Chengwei dedicated his whole life to the workers and the party. After the “April 12” Counter-revolutionary Coup, Wang Chengwei’s whereabouts were unknown, but his newspapers and magazines will be memorized with his spirit.
《越铎日报》：“Yue Duo Daily”
“三八”制：the “Three Eight” system
“四一二”反革命政变：the “April 12” Counter-revolutionary Coup